How do flu and cold differ from each other?
Both diseases are associated with cough, runny nose, and sore throat. However, there are differences: Cold-blood exciters are working slowly in the respiratory tract. Therefore the symptoms occur one after the other. Influenza virus, more violent.
That is why the symptoms usually begin at a stroke, and there are others: high fever above 39 degrees, violent headache and limb pain, and exhaustion. In elderly and weakened people, influenza can also lead to complications such as heart or lung problems.
WHEN SHOULD YOU GO TO THE DOCTOR?
If suspected of a flu. Also with a fever from about 39 degrees, which persists for more than two days despite self-treatment, as well as with a cold lasting more than seven days. Other warning signs include shortness of breath or a “barking” cough.
WHEN ARE ANTIBIOTICS NEEDED?
Only if a “bacterial superinfection” is present: If the defense mechanisms are already weakened by cold or influenza viruses, bacteria can penetrate the mucous membranes. As a result, inflammation of the nasal sinuses can occur in addition, for example. Antibiotics are ineffective against a cold or flu, because they are not caused by bacteria but by viruses.
Is there any medicine for the vires?
No, not against colds. The prescription active ingredient oseltamivir is mainly available against influenza viruses. However, according to a new study evaluation, it is not very effective.
The fact that he prevented serious complications or infections could not be proved. Appropriately, Stiftung Warentest has evaluated the appropriate remedy “Tamiflu” (prescription) for a long time as “restricted”. In the case of colds and flu, medicines therefore only alleviate the symptoms.
WHAT CAME THE STUDY’S STUDY?
An important finding concerns combi-preparations. These agents contain several active ingredients. According to advertising they are to alleviate various complaints at once. However, the studies showed that this “watering can principle” is not useful. Some agents contain drugs in too low a dose, with questionable use or disproportionate side effects. In a more targeted and gentle way, symptoms such as runny nose, cough and sore throat can be treated with preparations containing only one active ingredient.
WHAT APPROPRIATIONS ARE IN PARTICULAR HELP?
According to Stiftung Warentest the active ingredients Ibuprofen and Paracetamol in fever and pain. Fever alone can be treated up to 38.5 degrees (rectally measured) but also with the proven calf wraps. The body heats up for good reason. The immune response is stimulated, so that the pathogens are better combated. Sprays and drops for nasal mucosa swelling (if possible without preservatives) as well as antiseptic agents with dextromethorphan were also considered as helpful.
WHAT DOES ALSO HELP?
Rest is the best medicine for colds and flu. Many patients also does heat well, for example in the form of baths with essential oils. In addition, you should drink a lot to liquefy the mucus.